Introduction……………………………………….. Page 3

Aim………………………………………………….… Page 3

Organization……………………………………….. Page 4

Overview…………………………………………….. Page 4 

Results………………………….……………………. Page 5

Thanks……………………………………………….. Page 5

Appendix 1 – Executive Summary ..……….. Page 5 

Appendix 2 – Program ……………………….… Page 6

Appendix 3 – Presentations ………………….. Page 16

Appendix 4 – Strategic Plan…………….…… Page 44





ADAC has been active in its support for many African groups and associations, particularly in the Ottawa-Gatineau region and has made contacts and formed partnerships with like-minded organizations in Toronto, Montreal, Edmonton, Calgary, Vancouver and Halifax in support of our common objectives.

Prior to the conference, the executive committee of the African Diaspora Association of Canada met at the CUSO-VSO headquarters at 44 Eccles Street, Ottawa, to make final arrangements for the conference.

The night before the conference, the South African High Commission hosted the networking reception in support of the conference at the mission’s residence, 5 Rideau, Ottawa. The cheese and wine event was attended by about 45 individuals from African diplomatic missions, representatives of the Canadian government, funding agencies, and NGOs as well as members of African-Caribbean communities.


The African Diaspora Association of Canada hosted the historic leadership conference on October 23, 2010, at the Ottawa Chinese Alliance Church, 22 Eccles Street. The conference was attended mainly by about 52 members of African Diaspora communities from across Canada. 



The theme of the conference was “Working with African Communities in Canada to Build Strong and Durable Diaspora Links”.

The aim of the conference was to bring together African communities across Canada to build a network of action-oriented individuals and groups in support of our communities in Canada and in Africa.  In addition, the conference sought to engage community leaders on a national level in an effort to strengthen our linkages and promote a more active and engaged community.


Prior to the conference, the executive committee of the African Diaspora Association of Canada met at the CUSO-VSO headquarters at 44 Eccles Street, Ottawa, to make final arrangements for the conference. 

The night before the conference, the South African High Commission (SAHC) hosted the networking reception in support of the conference at the mission’s residence, 5 Rideau, Ottawa, Ontario. The cheese and wine event was attended by about 45 individuals from African diplomatic missions, representatives of the Canadian government, funding agencies, and NGOs as well as members of African communities.

Members of ADAC and students of the Ottawa University served as volunteers during the reception at the SAHC and the leadership conference.

CUSO-VSO sponsored the conference with $CAD 1250.00 to cover the accommodation of 5 out-of-town participants at the Embassy Hotel and Suites at 25 Cartier Street, and the fee for renting the conference venue.

The International Development and Research Centre (IDRC) in Ottawa sponsored the conference with a funding of $CAD 10,000.00.


Mr. Jean-Marie Vianney, ADAC executive member and facilitator opened the conference by welcoming the different speakers and delegates and outlined the procedures of the conference.

The keynote address was delivered by the Hon. Dr. Keith Martin, MP for the riding of Esquimalt – Jean de Fuca. Nine other panellists made presentations, some in English and others in French. Each presentation was followed by questions and answers.

After the presentations, the delegates were divided into six working groups to review and arrange in their order of importance the different topics of the presentations. The groups then reported their decisions to the plenary session.  A select team was appointed to draft the strategic document. 

At the end, Saaka Minimaana, ADAC, gave the closing remarks. Participants shared the last dinner together and bid each other farewell.


The conference brought together representatives of African Diaspora organizations across Canada to discuss means and ways of collaboration.

The strategic document adopted at the conference will guide how the African Diaspora organizations relate to one another and will include a program of activities that may be adopted at both the national and community levels.


The African Diaspora Association of Canada extends sincere thanks to the South African High Commission and the Dean of the African Diplomatic Corps for their

valuable support, the keynote speaker and panellists for their wonderful and inspiring presentations, the A & B Media for the well designed brochures and stationery, the Pascalle`s Catering Service for the sumptuous meals and refreshments as well as the student volunteers from the University of Ottawa and Carleton University for diligently executing the various tasks to ensure the success of the conference. 

Special thanks go to the International Development and Research Centre (IDRC) and CUSO-VSO for their generous financial assistance, without which this conference would not have materialized.



Appendix 1 – Executive Summary

Appendix 2 – Program
Appendix 3 – Presentations

Appendix 4 – Strategic Plan

Appendix 5 – Statement of Receipts and Disbursements


Executive Summary

This project is initiated by the African Diaspora Association of Canada (ADAC). ADAC is an umbrella organization based in Ottawa, whose objective is to mobilize, energize and encourage members of the African Diaspora to contribute actively towards a stable political, cultural and economic environment in Africa. Membership comprises individuals, national associations, as well as community and not-for-profit organizations throughout Canada. It is further supported by several like-minded organizations in the African Diaspora community outside Canada.

The African Diaspora in Canada is comprised of three distinct groups.  There are Africans whose ancestors came to Canada via the United States in the belly of slave ships in the 1600s.  There are Africans who migrated to Canada in search of education and economic opportunity from the Caribbean region after World War II. There are other Africans who came to the Canada directly from Africa since the 1970s seeking economic opportunities, freedom from oppressive dictatorships back home, and also to attend colleges and universities.  In fact, collectively, there are now more than 36 million citizens of African descent in North America alone with a combined purchasing power of more than $450 billion per annum – a sum that if represented by a single country would make it one of the fifteen largest economies in the world.  Accordingly, all three groups have valuable contributions to make in support of the development of Africa and African-Canadian communities.

Most recently, much of the world has started to focus on Africa’s development including Tony Blair’s Commission for Africa, President Bush’s Millennium Challenge Account, the World Bank’s African Diaspora Initiative, Bono’s “One” Campaign, infrastructure investments by Chinese and Indian companies, etc. While it is great that the world is beginning to finally look at Africa in a more positive manner it is somewhat ironic that there is no significant effort being called forth by the African-Canadian constituency at this time.  This is largely because African-Canadians and their organizations and institutions are not organized in such a manner as to strategically press for Africa-focused initiatives.

To this end, ADAC is positioned to effect this needed change that will allow African Canadian communities nation-wide to assume a leadership role in designing and implementing Africa-focused programs that would contribute to the efforts towards African renaissance. 

The objective of the Leadership Conference Series – 2010, is to address critical and pertinent issues and concerns related to goals, objectives, implementation strategies, concept of unity that are expressed in ADAC’s mission statement. The proposed outcome of this conference will be to develop consensus strategies for stimulating Canadian and African support for mobilizing the leadership of African-focused organizations and individuals within the African Diaspora in support of socio-economic, political and cultural development. 



Program of the Conference

ADAC Leadership Conference Series – 2010

Theme: Working with African Communities in Canada to Build Strong and Durable Diaspora Links

Saturday, October 23, 2010

Venue: Ottawa Chinese Alliance Church; 22 Eccles Street (close to Somerset and Booth streets)

8:30 a.m. – 9:00 a.m.


8:45 a.m. – 8:50 a.m.

Agenda Layout

Jean-Marie Vianney, Facilitator & Radio Host, CHUO

8:50 a.m. – 9:05 a.m.

A History of the African Diaspora Association of Canada (ADAC), 2008-2010

Dr. Matshela Molepo, President, ADAC 

9:05 a.m. – 9:30 a.m.

Keynote Address, Topic: Capacity Building in Health Delivery Services in Africa

Hon. Dr. Keith Martin, MP for the riding of Esquimalt – Jean de Fuca 

9:30 a.m. – 9:45 a.m.

CUSO-VSO and ADAC Partnership: Working Together for African Development

Theo Breedon, Program Development and Funding Manager, CUSO-VSO

 9:45 a.m. – 12:00  – Presentations

9:45 a.m. – 10:05 a.m. 

Topic: Political: Organizing the Diaspora in Support of Black Political Engagement and Representation in Canada

Speaker: Lilly Obina, 2010 Candidate, Ottawa City Council 

10:05 a.m. – 10:25 a.m. 

Topic: Economic: Turning the Brain Drain into Brain Gain for Africa – Engaging the African Diaspora for African Development.

Speaker: Ainalem Tebeje, AHEAD

10:25 a.m. – 10:35 a.m.

Health Break

10:35 a.m. – 10:55 a.m.

Topic: Development: Mobilizing the African Diaspora in Support of the ADAC Skills database

Speaker: Vernon Jorssen, ADAC

10:55 a.m. – 11:15 a.m.

Topic: Promoting Healthy Lifestyles among Members of the African Diaspora in Canada.

Speaker: Karl Smith, Medical Practitioner, (Retired)  

11:15 a.m. – 11:35 a.m.

Topic: Education: Role Models and Youth Empowerment in African Diaspora Communities in Canada

Speaker: Jackline Ochieng, SUCCESS Employment Services, Vancouver.

11:35 a.m. – 11:55 a.m.

Topic: Empowering the African Diaspora to Contribute to the Development of Africa 

Speaker: Yaovi Bouka, Force Leadership Africain, Montreal.

11:55 a.m.– 12:15 p.m. 

Sujet: Governance: Building a Stronger ADAC – Lessons Learned from Other Communities.

Speaker: Lévit Koloko, Cameroonian Community of Canada 

12:15 p.m. – 1:00 p.m

Lunch – Catered

1:00 p.m.  – 1:45 p.m. – Breakout Sessions

1:00 p.m. – 1:45 p.m

Chair: Temesghen Hailu, AHEAD

Economic: Turning the Brain Drain into Brain Gain for Africa: Engaging the African Diaspora for African Development.

• How can Diaspora skills be harnessed to support economic development in Africa?

• What role can the African Diaspora play in promoting Canadian investments in Africa?

• Are there opportunities for the African Diaspora to partner with African governments to advance Africa’s economic interest/agenda in Canada?

1:00 p.m. – 1:45 p.m

Chair: Felicia Yeboah, African Diaspora Association of the Maritimes, Halifax.

Mobilizing the African Diaspora: Building support for the ADAC Skills database.

• Lessons from other Diaspora organizations

• New media and other creative approaches to linking our communities 

1:00 p.m. – 1:45 p.m

Chair: Fanta Ongoiba, Africans in Partnership Against AIDS, Toronto.

Promoting Healthy Lifestyles Among Members of the African Diaspora. 

• Responding to the rising tide of HIV infection in the African-Canadian communities

• Building Partnerships in support of community programming

• Accessing government funding and support for community programming 

1:00 p.m. – 1:45 p.m

Chair: Afiba Aku, Unveiling Africa, Edmonton.

Education: Role Models and Youth Empowerment in the African Diaspora Communities

• Modeling Success for African-Canadian Youth

• Developing a coaching/mentoring and internship program for African-Canadian Youth

• Approaches to Engaging African Parents in the Education of Our Youth

1:00 p.m. – 1:45 p.m

Albert Kayumba, Cité Collégiale, Ottawa.

Governance: Building a Stronger ADAC – Lessons Learned from Other Communities.

• How can we strengthen linkages between African community groups and associations in Canada?

• What administrative models can we adopt to suit our needs?

• How can we raise funds to support a viable Canada-wide infrastructure for ADAC?

• Staffing a permanent office at the national level.            

1:00 p.m. – 1:45 p.m

Chair: Irene Mlambo, ADAC 

Political: Organizing the Diaspora in Support of Black Political Engagement and Representation in Canada

• How can the African Diaspora engage other communities to promote issues of importance to our members?

• How can we work with governments at all levels to promote our interests?

• How can we inspire members of our community to stand for political office?

1:00 p.m. – 1:45 p.m

Chair: Oscar Boloko, ADAC 

Empowering the African Diaspora to Contribute to the Development of Africa

1:45 p.m. – 5:30 p.m. – Plenary & Development of Strategic Plan 

1:45 p.m. – 3:00 p.m. 

Reporting to Plenary & Comments 

3:00 p.m. – 3:10 p.m. 

Health Break

3:10 p.m. – 4:50 p.m. 

Write-up of Draft Document

4:50 p.m. – 5:20 p.m.

Finalization & Adoption of Strategic Plan  

5:20 p.m. – 7:00 p.m. 

Networking Dinner 

7:00 p.m. – 7:10 p.m. 

Closing Remarks & Departure

Saaka Minimaana, ADAC

Colloque 2010 des leaders de l’ADAC 

Ensemble pour construire des ponts solides et durables avec les communautés afro-canadiennes

Date: le 23 Octobre 2010 

Lieu: Ottawa Chinese Alliance Church; 22 rue Eccles (proche des rues Somerset et Booth)

8 h 30 – 9 h 00

Petit déjeuner 

8 h 45 – 8 h 50

Présentation du programme

Jean-Marie Vianney, Facilitateur et animateur radio, CHUO

8 h 50 – 9 h 05

Chronologie de l’Association de la Diaspora Africaine du Canada: 2008-2010

Matshela Molepo, PhD. 

9 h 0 5– 9 h 30

Discours: (à venir)

S.E.  Madame Amina Salum Ali, Ambassadrice de l’Union africaine aux États Unis et au Canada

9 h 30 – 9 h 45 

CUSO-VSO – ADAC: Un partenariat pour l’avenir

Danny Pelletier, Directeur, CUSO-VSO

9 h 45 – 12 h 00 – Conférences

9 h 45  – 10 h 05 

Thème: Politique: Organiser la diaspora pour soutenir l’engagement politique et la place des Noirs au Canada

Par: Lilly Obina,  Candidate au Conseil municipal d’Ottawa, 2010

10 h 05 – 10 h 25

Thème: Economie: Transformer la fuite des cerveaux au profit de l’Afrique – Impliquer la Diaspora africaine dans le développement de l’Afrique.

Par: Ainalem Tebeje, AHEAD

10 h 25 – 10 h 35

Pause santé

10 h 35 – 10 h 55

Thème: Développement: Mobiliser la diaspora africaine en appui à la banque de compétences de l’ADAC

Par: Vernon Jorssen, ADAC

10 h 55 – 11 h 15

Thème: Promouvoir des habitudes saines auprès des membres de la diaspora africaine au Canada

Par: Karl Smith, Médecin à la retraite 

11 h 15 – 11 h 35

Thème: Education: Modèles de vie et renforcement de la jeunesse des communautés de la diaspora africaine du Canada

Par: Jackline Ochieng, Services d’emploi SUCCESS, Vancouver.

11 h 35 – 11 h 55

Thème: Plan d’intervention pour l’épanouissement de la diaspora africaine et sa contribution au développement de l’Afrique.   

Par: Yaovi Bouka, Force Leadership Africain, Montreal.

11 h 55.– 12 h 15 

Thème: Gouvernance: Bâtir une ADAC Durable – Leçons apprises dans d’autres communautés.

Par: Lévit Koloko, Communauté camerounaise du Canada 

12 h 15 – 13 h 00 

Déjeuner – traiteur

13 h 00 – 13 h 45 – Sessions de groupes

13 h 00 – 13 h 45

Président: Irene Mlambo, ADAC.

Economie: Transformer la fuite des cerveaux au profit de l’Afrique – Impliquer la Diaspora africaine dans le développement de l’Afrique

• Comment regrouper les compétences de la diaspora pour soutenir le développement économique de l’Afrique?

• Quel rôle peut jouer la diaspora africaine dans la promotion des investissements canadiens en Afrique?

• Y a-t-il des occasions de partenariats entre la diaspora africaine et les gouvernements africains pour promouvoir les intérêts économiques de l’Afrique au Canada?

13 h 00 – 13 h 45

Présidente: Felicia Yeboah, African Diaspora Association of the Maritimes, Halifax.

Développement: Mobiliser la diaspora africaine en appui à la banque de compétences de l’ADAC

• Leçons des autres organisations de la diaspora

• Nouveaux médias et autres approches créatrices pour toucher nos communautés

13 h 00 – 13 h 45

Présidente: Fanta Ongoiba, Africains en partenariat contre le SIDA

Promouvoir des habitudes saines auprès des membres de la diaspora africaine au Canada 

• Contrer la vague d’infection du VIH au sein des communautés afro-canadiennes

• Etablir des partenariats en appui à la programmation communautaire. 

• Accès au financement et au soutien gouvernementaux pour la programmation communautaire

13 h 00 – 13 h 45

Présidente: Afiba Aku, Unveiling Africa, Edmonton.

Education: Modèles de vie et renforcement de la jeunesse des communautés de la diaspora africaine du Canada

• Modélisation du succès pour la jeunesse afro-canadienne

• Etablir un programme de coaching/mentorat et de stage pour la jeunesse afro-canadienne

• Approches pour impliquer les parents africains dans l’éducation des jeunes

13 h 00 – 13 h 45

Président: Albert Kayumba, Cité Collégiale, Ottawa. 

Gouvernance: Bâtir une ADAC Durable – Leçons apprises dans d’autres communautés.

• Comment renforcer les liens entre les groupes et associations communautaires africains au Canada?

• Quels modèles administratifs adopter pour nos besoins?

• Comment lever des fonds en appui à une structure ADAC pancanadienne?

• Du personnel pour une permanence nationale            

13 h 00 – 13 h 45

Présidente: Temeshgen Hailu, AHEAD.

Politique: Organiser la diaspora pour soutenir l’engagement politique et la place des Noirs au Canada

• Comment la diaspora africaine peut impliquer d’autres communautés dans la promotion des causes majeures pour nos membres?

• Comment travailler avec les gouvernements à tous les niveaux pour promouvoir nos intérêts?

• Comment encourager  les membres de notre communauté à briguer des postes politiques?

13 h 00 – 13 h 45

Président: Oscar Boloko, ADAC.

Plan d’intervention pour l’épanouissement de la diaspora africaine et sa contribution au développement de l’Afrique. 

13 h 45 – 17 h 30 – Discussions  en plénière & adoption du plan Stratégique

13 h 30 – 15 h 00

Rapport en plénière et commentaires (15 minutes par thème)

15 h 00 – 15 h 10 

Pause santé

15 h 10 – 16 h 50

Rédaction du projet de document

16 h 50 – 17 h 20

Finalisation et adoption du plan stratégique 

17 h 20 – 19 h 00

Souper réseautage 

19 h 00 – 19 h 10

Discours de clôture et départ

Saaka Minimaana, ADAC




 MP Keith Martin’s Remarks:

Capacity Building in Health Delivery Services in Africa

• How to build capacity led by Africans for Africa; with a crucial role to be played by the African Diaspora.

• Developed consortium of 32 universities in global health in North America – 6 universities in Canada. The lead university in the USA is the U of Washington; and in Canada it’s MacMaster Univ.

• Meeting on Global Health Care to be held in Ottawa the week of October 30 to explore some of these issues.

• Aim is to link up the knowledge available here to be able to help people in low-resource countries – conference to this effect happening in Ottawa next week.

• For example, zinc supplementation can reduce mortality and morbidity for diarrhea and pneumonia by 50%. Research on this came out of the UBC.

• Sanitation is major factor in reducing death and injury in low-income settings.

• $30 dollar toilets have been developed that can drastically cut down cholera rates.

• Likewise there are programs developed to train non-doctors to safely deliver babies, thus reducing high mortality rates during childbirth/pregnancies.

• All of this research is available; what needs to be done is to make it available to those that need it in low-income countries. 

• The idea is to develop centres of knowledge within universities to pool together different areas of expertise/research/breakthroughs so that these centres of expertise can be accessed by communities institutions in low income countries that need them.

• Simple mechanisms and solutions such as those above have been developed, but people working within organizations on the ground are not aware of them.

Therefore the idea is to create these knowledge centres and link them up with other centres doing similar things so that everyone knows which who is developing what research or expertise. That way when there’s a request from a developing country institution such as hospital in Zimbabwe  

• The diaspora can play a crucial role in this through initiatives such as ADAC’s proposed knowledge database.

• The database can act as a glue to stick together those that have the knowledge and those that need the knowledge.

• This knowledge collation effort will be directed by the recipients. Institutions in Africa will feed in with their own needs analysis and what they need and the research centres will assist as guided by the needs on the ground; instead of a top-down approach.

• However there is a need to build up the research capacity of institutions in Africa. The diaspora can contribute to this effort to make this a decade for Africa.

• The WB has developed a fund to create jobs which can be accessed by African diaspora in North America – aimed at young Africans between 18 and 24.

• An example of African resourcefulness that can be harnessed and repicated – one of the greatest success stories in biodiversity efforts happened in KwaZulu Natal in SA. The locals combated white rhino extinction by creating reserves that not only saved the wildlife but also created massive tourist resources.

• In closing, he’s honoured by the invitation to speak at the conference and ready to assist in any way that he can.

Matshela Molepo :

A History of the African Diaspora Association of Canada (ADAC), 2008-2010

I would also like to welcome the Hon. Keith Martin, Hon. David Kilgour, and members of local and out-of-town sister African Diaspora organizations. It feels me with great pleasure to see so many of our people gathered here today to build stronger links between our organizations and to chart the way forward for the benefit for all people of African-descent resident in Canada and our peoples in Africa. 

Most of the information on the African Diaspora Association of Canada is already posted on the ADAC website and flyers. Tonight, I will merely highlight a few important aspects of the organization.  

The Origin of ADAC

The Association for Higher Education and Development (AHEAD) and the South African Rainbow Association – Ottawa (SARA) came up with the idea of uniting African Diaspora organizations and individuals in Canada under one umbrella for a common purpose in January 2005. This idea received overwhelming support from many African Diaspora groups in the Ottawa-Gatineau Region, which came together in April 2005 at the African Diaspora Community Forum in Ottawa, and resolved to form an umbrella organization.  ADAC went through several developmental stages, which led to its establishment in May 2005 and subsequent incorporation as a legal entity with Corporations Canada. ADAC was formerly launched in June 2008.

Objectives of ADAC

The organization has several objectives, but the three main ones are as follows:

(a) To establish a skills database of the African Diaspora in Canada for the purpose of channelling the identified skilled personnel towards the socio-economic development of African and Caribbean countries, and 

(b) To explore means and ways of assisting people of African descent with proper qualifications, to enter the Canadian job market. Their foreign qualifications are usually not recognized in this country with the result that many are either unemployed or underemployed. 

(c) To encourage them to participate fully in the economic, political and social spheres of this country. This will enable our people to take charge of their destiny and to influence public and private institutions of this country to develop and implement positive policies towards our countries. 

Networking and Building of alliances

The above objectives are designed to develop a continental approach to our common problems and aspirations as opposed to the promotion of narrow national interests. We, people of African-descent, face similar problems in this country. By working together, we stand a better chance of solving our common problems. This explains the philosophy behind the formation of ADAC. 

In order to spread the message of unity beyond the Ottawa-Gatineau region, ADAC dispatched from 2008 to 2009, delegations to Toronto, Montreal, Edmonton,  Calgary, Vancouver and Halifax to meet and establish links with African Diaspora organizations.  It is gratifying to see that this cross-country effort is bearing fruit in the form of the Leadership Conference that we are having today. There are over 50 people today at this conference representing close to 28 African Diaspora organizations, including youth organizations. The speakers and chairpersons of discussion panels are from various parts of Canada and they make their presentations in both official languages.  We have also managed to maintain gender balance in the program, where men and women play important roles. The conference report will list all these aspects. 

The Coordinating Committee formed by three organizations, namely ADAC, Regroupement des maliens de la Région de la Capitale Nationale Inc, and the Friends of Sudan worked together with the support from the MoHilemem Church, and hosts of the French and English CHUO community radio stations based at the University of Ottawa, to organize and host this Leadership Conference. This is an example of true collaboration between organizations.

ADAC also works with African Diaspora organizations outside Canada, e.g. the Constituency for Africa in Washington, DC, and the Southern African Network of Nurses and Midwives based in Pretoria, South Africa.

Sponsors and Supporters

ADAC has managed to come this far due to the steadfast support from various quarters, viz.: 

(a) The Embassy of the Togolese Republic.

(b) The South African High Commission, which hosted the reception last night to ca 40 guests in support of the conference.

(c) The International Development and Research Council (IDRC), which provided the funding for the conference.

(d) The Centretown Community Health Centre (CCHC), 

(e) CUSO-VSO, which organized the conference venue and hotel accommodation for out-of-town participants.

(f) The Constituency for Africa (CFA).

We are grateful for the generous support we have received and are still receiving from the above-mentioned sponsors and supporters during the different developmental stages of our organization. This Leadership Conference is a culmination of the kind of support ADAC has been receiving. We hope that the momentum created by this conference will lead to the formation of a strong umbrella organization that will represent many African Diaspora groups in Canada, from coast to coast. 

Finally, I would like to acknowledge my colleagues in the Coordinating Committee of the Leadership Conference for a job well done. We are meeting here today because of their personal sacrifices and great effort.  Allow me to introduce the following members of the Coordinating Committee:  Vernon Jorssen, Saaka Minimaana, Oscar Boloko, Kalifa Goita and Justin Laku. 

Thank you for your patient attention.

Ainalem Tebeje:

Turning Africa’s Brain Drain into Brain Gain

The Truth about Africa’s Brain Drain

• It is pointless for an African household to receive remittances to pay for school and health-care expenses when there are no teachers and nurses, Economic Commission for Africa

• In 25 years, Africa will be empty of brains, Dr. Lala Ben Barka 

The African Diaspora in the U.S contributes more to the American economy than it does to the African economy.

Turning Africa’s Migration into Africa’s Development

• Migration is not a waste, but a potential.

• It is not about bringing Africans back to Africa, but about keeping Africans engaged in Africa’s development.

• It is not about brain drain but about brain gain.

Facts and Figures

• Of the estimated 190 million migrants in the world, more than 50 million are estimated to be Africans.

• Africa has lost one-third of its human capital due to migration.

• An estimated 20,000 professionals leave the continent each year, World Bank puts this figure as high as 70,000.

The Cost of Migration

• Every time a trained African leaves the continent, Africa loses an estimated $184,000.

• Africa spends $4 billion a year to hire foreign experts to fill the gap created by the departure of these professionals from the continent.

• Africa’s health and social services are severely affected by departing professionals.

• As skilled professionals leave the continent, there is a growing dependence on foreign experts to run African institutions.

• Africa’s tax-base is dwindling as those who contribute to it continue to leave the continent in large numbers.

• The governance and democracy deficit can be attributed to the absence of the elite, who have the ability to hold governments accountable.

Benefits of Migration

• Human capital = knowledge transfer from Diaspora for nation building

• Financial capital = remittances, investment from the Diaspora to home countries

• Social capital = networks between Diaspora and home communities, partnerships between home and host country institutions, etc. 

What about Remittances

• Remittances are good because they give purchasing power to families.

• They are a source of foreign currency which African countries need.

• They represent the largest investment in Africa

• They can be used to service Africa’s debt, and for investments in health and social services.

• But, they are not a panacea to Africa’s development problems. 


The Feminization of Migration

• Women make up the largest number of African migrants. 

• African women migrants have become major economic players because:

– they have become reliable sources of income to families.

– their remittances are used to meet household needs.

– they contribute to the lessening of poverty among families.

• But, African women are subject to abuse, violence, sexual exploitation and inhuman working conditions.

• In the Middle East, stories are told of African women raped, killed, refused salaries, subjected to inhuman working conditions.

Using the African Diaspora for Development

• The Africa Union has recognized the African Diaspora as one of its regions.

• A number of regional initiatives have taken place in the effort to mobilize African Diaspora.

• Individual countries have put in place various measures to engage their Diaspora in development.

• African Diaspora seem to have ended their long indifference to Africa’s development.

• Small-scale Diaspora initiatives are currently underway in different countries. 

Towards Brain Grain

• We need policy initiatives at domestic, regional and international levels.

• Investment – Diaspora engagement cannot be financed by donations. We need investment.

• Infrastructure – Diaspora engagement cannot be left for volunteers. We need a well-equipped body.

• Beyond dialogue – It is time for action – measures, projects, real mobilization.

• Who is responsible – accountability, governance, etc.

What is Next for the Diaspora

• Remittances – continue to send money to families because it is still important.

• Invest where it matters – e.g. job creation

• Capacity building – transfer skill and knowledge to help African institutions

• Facilitate partnerships – serve as a link between home and host institutions. 


Vernon Jorssen:

Skills Database

In April 25, 2005 we held the Community Forum in Ottawa. This was attended by approximately 150 people. It was at this conference when we first heard Ainalem Tebeje give us a report of the tremendous research she had done on the African Brain Drain and how we could counteract this with Brain Gain.

The aim of the Forum was to heighten awareness of the role the African Diaspora (AD) can play in improving the quality of life for African communities. As well it was intended to mobilize much needed resources from the Diaspora for the purpose of confronting challenges of development in Africa.

The Moderator at the Forum concluded the panel proceedings; by saying he hoped the evening would prove to be a springboard for the development of a united front among the AD. He added that human resources are the key ingredient in the development equation and that skills database could be created as a tool for the united AD

The plan was to put in place a process that would act as a central point to deal with the issue highlighted by Ina. We have heard from academia and other institutions for the past couple of decades on the terrible effects of the African Brain Drain.  Investment in education in most African countries has shown basically a zero return. It is the developed world that has been the beneficiaries of this investment.

The forum engendered a greatly increased awareness of the seriousness of the brain/drain problem and provided suggestions for counteracting it. It indicated a clear need for the African Diaspora in Canada to mobilize human and other resources and form an umbrella organization that would ensure that assistance be directed towards improving the quality of life in African home countries.

Studies have brought awareness to the fact that African Diaspora has and can in the future play a positive role in the socio economic development of home countries. However we now have to move beyond awareness. We need to put in place mechanisms which would ensure effective and efficient Diaspora engagement.

This brings us to one mechanism which ADAC has developed over the last couple of years. This is the Skills Data Base.

The design has been improved over the past year and is now more user-friendly. It is linked to our website and very easy to complete. It simply asks questions of your background and experience which can be identified with a request from a home country for your particular skill. We will then put the identified person in touch with the organization or country which requested the skill. We will not be a placement agency. As an umbrella Diaspora group, we will simply provide a service of supply to meet the demand. While this is purely voluntary, I will encourage you all to complete the questionnaire. It will give us an idea of what is available should we need to deal with The African Union.

Karl Smith:

Promoting Healthy Lifestyles among members of the African Diaspora

1)     Opening Remarks

Let me thank the organizers for the honour of participating in this important exercise. I will briefly examine the notion of lifestyles and the standard approach to promoting the healthy kind;  and make remarks relating to some disease conditions to which we, as a group, seem to be particularly susceptible. I’ll also touch on a potential role for ADAC in promoting healthy lifestyles. 

2)    Definitions 

Everybody speaks about lifestyles; but few seem able to define what is meant, though we think we know. Here are a couple of definitions:  

– Lifestyle:

“A way of life or style of living that reflects the attitudes and values of a person or group”. 


In actual usage, especially in sales, subtle overtones of social class often play, with words such as desirability or fashion consciousness entering the arena.


“Way of living of individuals, families (households), and societies, which they manifest in coping with their physical, psychological, social, and economic environments on a day-to-day basis….Etc etc.”


– Healthy Lifestyle: 

In preparing for this meeting, I came upon a prominent article on the website of the Public Health Agency of Canada, well worth reading. It analyses the underpinnings of the concept of healthy lifestyles, even giving references. The Word Health Organization’sensible definition by which is referred to, rings true:  

Promoting healthy lifestyles

“lifestyle is a way of living based on identifiable patterns of behaviour which are determined by the interplay between an individual’s personal characteristics, social interactions, and socioeconomic and environmental living conditions”   

Note the emphasis on behavior.

According to the WHO, the following constitute a healthy lifestyle:

effective coping, lifelong learning, safety and security precautions, social activity and volunteering, a sense of purpose and meaning, spirituality and hope, as well as the stage of life and a perception of risk –  a whole gamut of options. 

I cite all of this to stress that promoting healthy lifestyles is not necessarily easy, as many of us know; and can in some cases take almost a lifetime of hard work to show any change in an individual’s behavior.

Healthy Lifestyle, according to a cynical Karl Smith:

“A fable concocted by an entrepreneur, helped by media experts, to glamourize her product in order to increase sales and maximize profits, without regard to the relevance or utility of the said product to any supposed amelioration of disease or unhealthy condition”  


3) Lifestyle diseases:

These are “associated with the way a person or group of people lives”, according to one definition, which then lists the diseases in 3 groups: 

– atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries), heart disease, and stroke; 

– obesity (overweight), and type 2 diabetes (i.e. the mainly adult type, occurring in later life); 

– diseases associated with smoking and alcohol and drug abuse 

Promoting healthy lifestyles

 Along with this listing, it was stated that “regular physical activity helps prevent obesity, heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, cancer of the large bowel, and premature death”. Incidentally, don’t forget that walking, bicycling, swimming are healthy physical activities.

Other corrective actions include reducing food intake, especially salt, fats and sugars; reducing addictions, like alcohol, drugs, smoking; and avoiding risky social interactions. There may be additional dietary and other manipulations specific for say diabetes. Likewise say special vitamins for the treatment or cessation of the progress of osteoporosis

Specials for the Diaspora:

There are some conditions which seem to be particularly prevalent among members of the Diaspora:

o Females

 Cancers of the breast and womb 

 Osteoporosis, thinning of the bones

 Uterine Fibroids, sometimes leading to infertility

 Complications of pregnancy, including strokes

o Males

 Cancer of the Prostate Gland, very aggressive in our case 


o Both Males and Females

 Hypertension

 Diabetes

 HIV/AIDS and Tuberculosis

 Other Rep. Health Issues (STDs : Syph. Gon., Herpes etc)

 Sickle Cell Disease

 Glaucoma

 Cataracts

 Obesity

Promoting healthy lifestyles

You are familiar with these. Some seem to connect in a mutually supportive linkage complex. Take obesity: this is often concomitant with hypertension, or diabetes.

Apart from the obvious strongly behaviorally-linked conditions, several seem to connect with a familial or hereditary trait.

In general terms, whatever was proposed above about prevention of listed ailments also applies to these special ones.  However, they may be more severe and more rapid and aggressive in progression, and so we must be wary.

4) Promotion of a Healthy Lifestyle:

– General

Emphasis should be on PREVENTION, the main pillar of good health. That means taking all precautions with respect to behaviors, as well getting appropriate and available vaccines, if such exist.

If diagnosed with an ailment, be sure to cooperate with your care givers and keep strictly to your treatment. Give as much attention to prevention of recurrence after the treatment has been completed.

A few special words on:  

– Reproductive health issues.

Some viruses have been strongly associated with female cancers. Human Herpes Virus 8 can lead to cancers; Human Papilloma Virus is a major cause of cancer of the cervix (a vaccination against which is being given to age 13 to 18 girls in many countries, including the UK). The presence of both in the vulnerable parts of the female anatomy is very dangerous, aggravated even more by the habit of smoking. Certain behaviours – sexual predilections, approaches and preferences have therefore to be changed, increasing precautions and improving protective measures.  Power relationships between men and women in certain of our cultures must be changed. Think, and know what you’re doing, with what consequences. The careful practice of personal hygiene is of the greatest importance.

Promoting healthy lifestyles

Resources, Supportive Groups: 

Remember that everyday matters of health are the prerogative of the province. Most official action will therefore be at that level, in concert with cities or regions.

However, there is a multitude of NGOs with an interest in various health issues: community organizations; associations etc., singly and jointly, according to the issue.  

 There will be in many cities, as well as at provincial and federal levels, special interest groups, both official and voluntary, that help in the publicity about, and management of, particular maladies. Seek them out and work with them. I have not tried to list them; but don’t forget the important role of educators in different institutions, in differing disciplines, with differing concerns.  Many religious denominations ensure that they contribute to the physical as well as the spiritual and moral well-being of their members. Ask the leaders for guidance if you’re unsure about how to resolve troubling and sometimes delicate health issues.

Local print media: Community newspapers, journals etc. There are many local newspapers and bulletins which carry relevant information and advice.  However, there is the problem of how to verify the accuracy and relevance of what some have to advise. If they don’t give a reference for the author and institution which has done the necessary research, which you can check, don’t your time and effort getting involved in it.  

In looking for material to refresh my memory regarding local media for this presentation, I came upon an article on “breast defense” which could have been published by a specialist, given its quality. In another was a rational article on osteoporosis, attributed to an NGO whose website address was given. Immediately beside it was yet another article on how to “Melt Fat, Get Fit, In Four Minutes”. I was not at all amused!  Beware!

Incidentally, in this community the well-known Spectrum Newspaper has served the Caribbean Diaspora for many years, and is one the contents of which can be said to be dependable.

Promoting healthy lifestyles

Local “Sympathetic” Radio & TV Stations:

University radio (CKFU  FM)

 Rogers community, CTV, City TV, CBC National & Local: 

These are just a small sample of the many broadcast media which will from time to time carry health material of relevance to healthy living.  


5)(A) role(s) for ADAC

An appropriate role or set of roles for the ADAC in this exercise could be to examine and help coordinate the efforts of the various agencies at work on the health issues of our members; and constantly engage in uncovering the best solutions in education, prevention, treatment and rehabilitation, calling upon all available resources. The table which follows this narrative sets out some thoughts on how this might operate at different levels of “authority ‘:

From the provinces gather “ethnic” data on such markers as incidence and prevalence by place, if available. From this one can estimate the size and distribution of the problem, and hazard the best way to attack it.

Be able to report such on reasonable demand, not gratuitously

Liaise with the other levels, to their mutual benefit 

Liaise with government agencies like IDRC and CIDA, for information sharing and grants for ADAC’s  Healthy Lifestyles work

Liaise with appropriate diplomatic representatives, sharing information, discussing strategies


ADAC could for instance be a repository of information about who is who and what in public health; as well be an agency that can promote and provide that and other information to those who seek it.

Promoting healthy lifestyles

 ADAC, being close to where CIDA and IDRC and other such agencies are located, can lead in exploring possibilities for funding studies about health services and personnel as relating to healthy living.  Be sure to consult Health Canada.

Be mindful of the schools, working with them to bring about curricular modifications and changes as may be desirable, and to ensure credible and useful information input and output. As mentioned, the churches (and mosques) not only play an important educational role, but influence behavior among their members. 

One should also invite the interest and involvement of the African and Caribbean diplomats in Ottawa.

In Tabular form:

Provincial: Support provincial-level work by other relevant, credible

groups, where appropriate and affordable


Liaise with: The media:  Radio, TV, mainstream and community newspapers

Universities, High Schools, so that relevant promotion of the needs of ADAC students are met

Municipal authorities

Community Associations etc

Churches, Mosques, for information sharing, moral leadership

Encourage all levels of the community to engage in information sharing for healthy living. Make sure your information is valid, coming from those who know.

Of necessity, more funding will be needed for more personnel, preferably not having other responsibilities in ADAC.   

Given the complexity of the matters under discussion, and the plethora of good, bad and indifferent material, I decided to merely point the way to a few 

Promoting healthy lifestyles

Green fields by indicating a chosen few worthwhile websites to visit, at local provincial and federal levels. Easily “googled”, one thing leads to others. 


Examples of Resources:

1 Partners in Healthy Living, Ottawa

2 City of Ottawa (In Eng. & French)

3 Promoting Healthy Lifestyles in Ontario Family Health Networks

4 Public Health Agency of Canada

5 Ontario Trillium Foundation Supports Provincial Sports Organizations

6 Health Promoting Schools

7 Healthy Eating

With respect to HIV/AIDS, I know of at least 2 organizations relevant to working on educational and research aspects of the HIV/AIDS epidemic:

ACCHO: The African and Caribbean Council on HIV/AIDS in Ontario (Toronto)  

ACHNO: The African and Caribbean Health Network of Ottawa

(This latter has recently done an evaluation of a publicity project on HIV/AIDS)        


6) Other Comment:

Remember, your proper lifestyle begins with a thorough hand washing after you have met certain biological obligations, and before touching food.   Ordinary soap (with clean water, of course) is as good as anything else, despite the hype. In public conveniences, there is little sense in going to hold on to dirty taps and door handles afterwards. So, use a paper tissue while closing taps and, if there is a door to be opened to get out, use the same ruse. This consideration of cleanliness, or lack of it, extends to the causation and spread of certain issues related to personal and intimate behavior; and the ultimate result may not be evident for many years, even decades.  

7) Closing Remarks

Please allow me to recognize the wonderful work which Godwin Efedi is doing, in a similar vein, working with Ottawa City. Keep it up Godwin, and Bless You! 

I hope that this small effort will help ADAC to find its true and practical mission.  

Jackline Ochieng:

Youth Role Models and Empowerment


• Meaning of Role models

• Culture and Role models

• Current situation

• Youth Identities

• Community Associations

• Missing links

• Strategic programming

Cultural Underpinnings

• Role models are people that one aspires to become, or follow in their footsteps

• Role models can also be people that model a role that we do not want to occupy

• We choose role models based on our culture

• Culture is the lens with which we interpret what is acceptable

• Each individual has elements of culture that appeals to them and that make the individual belong to a certain group

Role Models and Culture

• Adults who have seen their parents or community leaders give back to the community tend to do the same

• Children/youth grow up with values that reflect the lessons learnt; it is our responsibility to create learning for our youth that will mirror acceptance for Africa and a desire to rebuild the continent 

• We have to create opportunities for our youth to embrace the African identity in order for them to succeed in Canada

• Youth can become agents of change

Pros of Role Models 

• Role models can be the impetus to a renewed identity-sense of belonging for youth

• A source of inspiration and an awakening

• Deconstructs stereotypes (media generated, educates the mainstream community)

• Make it easy to relate and self identify

Current Situation

• Invisible role models – assisting only those in our circles

• Eg few local born students at UBC 

• Few interaction between international students and community

• Limited opportunities for mentoring and volunteering

• Diversity in youth experiences

Differences in youth identities

• International students from privileged families and culture shock 

• Youth refugees –may have limited education & English skills

• Youth from skilled immigrants with parents as strong role models

• Local born youth

• Youth from non African countries

Do Associations offer role models?

• Events seen as party, dance, food and fashion show

• Events often start late

• A “show off” element that can create “othering”

• Not entirely youth attracting; non thematic

• “Parents” events

• Sometimes focus groups discussing issues are organized by “outsider” researchers

• Do not promote empowering opportunities for youth

Missing links

• Youth initiated activities in Vancouver not well supported (African awareness, APF)

• Media- Afro news, the magazine is underutilized

• No visible role models

• Youth not recognized for their potential

• Mixed identities (complex needs, no clear definition of African youth) 

• Lack of one language and purpose

• African scholars not well profiled for youth to emulate

Who acts in Africa initiatives?

• African Diaspora not trusted to champion the course of redevelopment of Africa

• Non African leaders of non-profit organizations with missions in Africa

• (CIDA, CNIS, WE, World Vision etc)

• African exchange students in Canada restricted to schools – lack of exposure

Strategic Programming

• Need to target and involve youth

• Assist youth in redefining identity crisis

• Empowerment to Youth

• Space to share and learn from youth’s lived experience

• Enable and create volunteer opportunities for our youth for their career development

• Engage youth in the redevelopment of Africa

Redefining Models

• What we can’t change

 Media coverage of poverty, war tone, violence

 Current skilled workers in non skilled jobs

• What can be done

 Engage youth in the dialogue

 Reward active youth and Adult mentors 

 Encourage research

 Create a data base for mentors

 Involve parents in enforcing values

Collective Effort

• We are as strong as our weakest link

• There are no easy answers. But the more we sit back, the weaker we become

• Harness resources of existing associations

• We need to make visible the invisible role models:

• We can use the web, the media, regular TV or radio talk shows

• This conference – step in the right direction

Thank You

Yaovi Bouka:

Notes en vue de l’allocution de M. Yaovi Bouka, Vice-président exécutif et Trésorier de Force Leadership Africain, à l’occasion de la conférence de ADAC sur le leadership

Thème : Plan d’intervention de la diaspora africaine proposé par Force Leadership Africain

Ottawa, le 23 octobre 2010 

Monsieur le président de l’ADAC

Mesdames et Messieurs les conférenciers, 

Chers membres et sympathisants de l’ADAC et des organisations partenaires,

Distingués invités, 

Cher (e )s ami ( e )s,

Je voudrais tout d’abord vous adresser les salutations fraternelles du Président et des membres de Force Leadership Africain et vous remercier de m’avoir invité à prendre la parole au cours de cette conférence de l’ADAC sur le leadership.

A cet égard, je voudrais une fois de plus remercier et féliciter les dirigeants de l’Association de la Diaspora africaine pour ses efforts visant à regrouper les Canadiens d’origine africaine au sein d’un même forum. C’est une tâche difficile, mais nécessaire et il faut continuer à y déployer nos efforts.

C’est dans cette optique que se tenait à Montréal les 1er et 2 octobre dernier, la 4ème édition de la semaine de l’excellence africaine sur le thème volontairement évocateur de : C’est le temps d’agir, le partenariat Afrique-Canada-Diaspora : une affaire de cœur et de raison.

Ont pris part à cette conférence de deux jours, de nombreuses personnalités dont l’Honorable Amina S. Ali, Ambassadrice de l’Union Africaine à Washington DC, M. Lucien Bradet, PDG du Conseil Canadien pour l’Afrique et le Pasteur Oscar Boloko, Vice-président de l’ADAC.

Je remercie à cet égard, l’ADAC de son partenariat et de son appui constant et lui remets en guise de témoignage de notre gratitude, une copie du rapport de cette activité.

Pour revenir à la conférence d’aujourd’hui, il a été convenu que mon allocution porte sur le thème : Plan d’intervention pour l’épanouissement de la diaspora africaine et sa contribution au développement  de l’Afrique.

Pourquoi nous faut-il un plan d’intervention? 

Pour 3 raisons essentielles :

1. Cela nous facilitera le travail de regroupement des membres de la diaspora;

2. Comme il a déjà été mentionné, L’Union africaine a énoncé que la diaspora africaine constituait la 6e région géographique de l’Afrique. Cependant, elle n’a pas à ma connaissance pris la peine de préciser les mécanismes de l’action de cette diaspora. 

3. En raison entre autres de la mondialisation de l’économie, la vie professionnelle des immigrants est devenue complexe.

En effet, si dans le passé on immigrait au Canada avec l’idée de faire carrière chez Bell Canada ou encore chez Ericsson Canada par exemple, à l’heure actuelle, son poste risque quelques mois plus tard d’être transféré en Inde ou encore en Chine. Par ailleurs, l’ingénieur engagé par SNC Lavalin ou DESSAU doit s’attendre à aller souvent en Algérie ou encore en RDC  pour travailler. 

D’autre part, le vieillissement de la population pose de nouveaux défis tant aux nouveaux arrivants qu’aux divers intervenants  chargés d’encadrer ces immigrants, tels que le Ministère de l’Immigration ou les Chambres de Commerce en matière d’embauche et d’intégration.

Au plan international, le poids démographique, économique et technologique des immigrants n’est plus à démontrer, à tel point que des institutions internationales comme la Banque Mondiale,  ont décidé de s’en mêler en y créant des unités spéciales d’observations.

En clair, tant pour les pays d’origine des immigrants, leurs pays d’accueil que pour ces immigrants eux-mêmes, regroupés au sein de différentes diasporas, la question est de trouver les mécanismes les plus efficaces et les plus harmonieux d’intervention.

C’est dans cette optique que je voudrais au nom de Force Leadership Africain vous proposer un schéma d’intervention à deux volets : un volet canadien et un volet international.

A) Schéma d’intervention de la diaspora africaine, volet canadien

Il se présente comme suit :

Screen Shot 2016-02-19 at 12.03.39 AM


B) Schéma d’intervention de la diaspora africaine, volet international.

Vue dans sa dimension internationale, ce schéma se présente comme suit : 

Screen Shot 2016-02-19 at 12.04.34 AM


Il est évident que ces schémas d’intervention proposés n’ont qu’un objectif incitatif et mobilisateur et de ce fait, ne comportent aucun aspect contraignant pour le participant.

De plus, certaines personnes ou organisations pourraient déjà disposer de mécanismes propres d’intervention multidimensionnelle.

Cependant, la mise en œuvre des objectifs fixés à court et à moyen terme comporte de nombreux avantages entre autres :

– Pour le Gouvernement  du Canada et ses provinces

– Pour la diaspora Africaine

– Pour les pays africains


Avantages pour le Canada et les provinces canadiens:

En effet, pour le canada et le Québec, l’implication organisée de la diaspora africaine dans la mise en œuvre du partenariat Afrique Canada permettrait : 

– Un élargissement des marchés dans les secteurs du conseil et du transfert de technologie, par le canal de projets développés par ou en partenariat avec les experts issus de la diaspora africaine ;

– Une meilleure compréhension de la culture africaine et des préoccupations des Africains et des afro-canadiens ;

– Une amélioration du taux de satisfaction face à la politique d’intégration des immigrants issus de la diaspora africaine ;

– Une baisse du taux de chômage et de sous-emploi  des immigrants d’origine africaine, grâce à une augmentation de leurs contrats de services et  de leurs possibilités  de carrières outre-mer;

– Une plus grande interaction entre  experts afro-canadiens et leurs homologues canadiens et québécois, contribuant ainsi à une amélioration de la paix sociale et à terme, à l’édification d’une société plus équilibrée, plus productive, et plus créative.

Avantages pour la diaspora africaine du Canada :

– Élargissement des possibilités de carrière; 

– Développement de l’entreprenariat au sien de cette communauté;

– Meilleure connaissance et  plus grande réalisation de leur plein potentiel dans la vie;

– Réduction des frustrations dues à leur sous-emploi, à la non – reconnaissance de leurs acquis académiques, techniques, et professionnels;

– Réduction de leur sentiment d’inutilité économique et sociale;

– Possibilité pour eux d’assumer leur responsabilité humaine totale face tant au pays d’accueil et qu’à leur pays d’origine ;

 Avantages pour les pays africains d’origine :

– Possibilité d’accès à des conseils techniques, innovateurs et de bonne gouvernance, conseils bonifiés par la compréhension du contexte culturel et social africain;

– Possibilité de réconciliation avec leur diaspora; 

– Opportunité de croissance, d’innovation, de progrès technologiques et de modernisation du continent africain;

– Progrès de l’entreprenariat et de la richesse collective; 

– Croissance de l’épargne et de l’investissement ;

– Au total, développement économique et social 

– Progrès de la démocratie et de la bonne gouvernance.

Tel que précisé dans le rapport de notre activité des 1er et 2 octobre dernier, sur la base des communications de M. Lucien Bradet, de l’honorable Amina Ali, et surtout du contenu d’un vidéo que la Banque Mondiale nous a fait parvenir à cette occasion; nous nous rendons compte de la pertinence des idées développées à travers ces schémas à savoir que:

– La diaspora africaine constitue une valeur stratégique pour le développement de l’Afrique ;

– Cette diaspora a besoin de structures d’encadrement pour mettre en valeur son potentiel, notamment, les flux financiers qu’elle génère entre l’Afrique et les pays d’accueils ;

– L’Afrique voudrait s’appuyer sur sa diaspora pour faire la promotion de son commerce et de son économie à l’étranger.

– L’Union africaine et la Banque Mondiale cherchent à établir un partenariat fructueux avec les diasporas africaines dans le monde.

Par conséquent Force Leadership africain a décidé, en accord avec le titre de sa conférence qui invite à l’action, de mettre en place trois organes de coordination au sein de sa structure:

– Un centre d’expertise et de conseil: Diaspo-Conseil;

– Un fonds international de la diaspora 

– Un centre de promotion du Commerce et des Investissements.


Ci-après, l’illustration de la structure :

Screen Shot 2016-02-19 at 12.05.04 AM


Nos partenaires stratégiques pour la mise en place de ces organes seraient: la Banque  Mondiale, l’Union Africaine, le Conseil Canadien pour l’Afrique, le  CRDI, l’ACDI et d’autres associations telles que l’Association de la Diaspora Africaine au Canada. 


Mesdames et Messieurs, Chers amis,

Je suis conscient du fait que certains de nos compatriotes, blessés par les circonstances douloureuses de leur départ à l’étranger préfèrent vivre en paix dans leur nouveau pays d’accueil et sont un peu détaché des questions touchant leur pays d’origine. Cependant, je suis persuadé qu’avec le temps, la grande majorité d’entre nous se posent tous les jours cette question fondamentale à savoir : comment vivre heureux en réalisant notre plein potentiel dans notre nouveau pays tout en contribuant au mieux-être des habitants du pays qui nous a vus naître?

C’est à cette question que nous essayons d’apporter une réponse concrète en vous proposant les schémas d’intervention qui précèdent, car nous sommes convaincus que la seule approche politique ne suffit pas.

Je vous remercie de votre aimable attention et vous prie de me pardonner les insuffisances de mes propos.



Lévit Koloko:

Une ADAC plus forte à travers sa gouvernance et son administration

I-) L’utilisation des mécanismes de gestion efficaces

1- Un plan stratégique / Plan d’action / Calendrier d’activités 

Le Plan stratégique (pour concevoir notre avenir dans 3 ou 5 ans), le Plan d’annuel (pour savoir ce qu’on va faire) et le Calendrier d’activités (pour savoir quand et comment on va le faire) sont des outils de prévision et de management indispensables pour une organisation qui se veut efficace.

2- Une documentation financière et comptable actualisée et vérifiée.

Des états financiers actualisés et vérifiés sont le gage pour la communauté, les partenaires et les bailleurs de fonds d’une gestion prudente, crédible et responsable.

3- Un processus de rétroaction continu (réunion d’assemblée, communication)

 Permettre aux membres individuels, aux membres associatifs de pouvoir évaluer le travail effectué, de donner leurs avis et conseils et de pouvoir prendre des responsabilités permettra à ADAC de respirer normalement et de se renouveler tant en idées, qu’en personnel.

II-) Spécialisation des organismes de la diaspora africaine

1- Travailler avec des organisations africaines sectorielles

Les organismes représentant la diaspora africaine au Canada sont actuellement dispersés dans une foule d’activités et peu prennent la voie de se spécialiser dans la livraison d’un service spécifique. ADAC devrait encourager les organismes à se spécialiser dans des ¨niches d’activités¨ (santé, culture, éducation, affaires…). De ce fait, des initiatives comme celle de la CEPAP (Coopérative Enseignants Pas A’ Pas; regroupant des enseignants ethnoculturels francophones de plus de 8 pays d’origine sont à encourager.

2- Initier des réseaux sectoriels entre organisations travaillant dans le même domaine

Quand les organismes de la diaspora africaine se seront spécialisés dans des domaines particuliers, il reviendra donc à ADAC de les aider à travailler en réseaux (réseau santé regroupant deux ou trois organismes spécialisés en santé, réseau éducation pour les organismes évoluant dans ce domaine).

3- Promouvoir les organismes de référence; bâtir sur du positif

ADAC doit promouvoir des organismes de la diaspora africaine étant devenus des références, ayant pignon sur rue à travers leurs programmes innovatifs, leurs résultats consolidés sur le long terme, leurs pratiques gagnantes. Il faut donner cette image positive à travers nos organismes qui sont devenus des références, des modèles reconnus.

III-) Établissements de partenariats féconds

ADAC doit développer un réseautage et des partenariats vraiment puissants pour son positionnement stratégique.

1- Entre l’ADAC et les ambassades africaines

Toutes les représentations diplomatiques canadiennes en Afrique et africaines ici au Canada devraient être des alliés de ADAC dans ses efforts de développement de la diaspora africaine.

2- Entre l’ADAC et les officiels canadiens (personnalités, ministères)

ADAC  doit faire un réseautage actif auprès de tous les décideurs canadiens (municipaux, provinciaux et fédéraux). De même, des projets et programmes de financement pancanadiens (patrimoine Canada, Citoyenneté et Immigration, fondations communautaires) doivent être des cibles à long et moyen terme.

3- Entre l’ADAC et d’autres structures similaires (diaspora asiatique, diaspora sud-américaine)

ADAC doit étendre son réseau de contacts vers des organismes connexes, des associations sœurs avec lesquels lancer des projets conjoints, bénéfiques pour l’intégration et l’épanouissement de leurs communautés respectives.



Strategic Plan

Elements for strategic plan

ADAC Draft Conference Report


1. Health Promotion

– HIV/AIDS testing

– community mobilization

– employment and capacity building

2. Conduct an environmental scan

– Look at emerging trends

– Look for information regarding African communities

3. Communication and advocacy

– Working with families; supporting access to services

– Mobilizing professionals to take part in Training and health promotion

– Research

4. Youth Focus

– Appropriate programming 

– Culturally acceptable appropriate program activities

– Internet – TV- Print media

5. Social Marketing & outreach , preventive education and activities

6. Build partnerships : Tap in known partnership programs (CBOs ; NGOs; ASOs, UNITY AND PURPOSE)

Economic groups:

Skills from the diaspora members

Canadian investment in Africa

1. The data base (The skills)

– From various associations

– Promotion and Outreach (Students-New comers)

– →For future purposes →advocacy with evidence * For gvt. Uses.

– A motivation → A sustainable process. * telling people why we are doing it ?

– For recognition * → A communication plan 

2. Partnerships

(with gvtal)

– Social- Marketing and advertising of resources in Africa

– Outreach to different embassies

– Credibility & accountability

a. Canadian Business

b. Canadian Policy

– Chamber of commerce

– Canadian- African council


Database should not be only for individuals, but also for organization.


Role models and youth empowerment in the Africa diaspora communities

– Youth Link 

– Creation of scholarship 

– Creation award for student access

– Information on credential evaluation and assessment – Database

Political mobilization

Black communities do not have dedicated members @ city hall. Need to write as a community

– ADAC should get small community organizations to sign up for memberships

– Recruitment and sign up

– Political and governance education for community groups

– ADAC can create a link between the small organizations and the different political groups

– Link to Africans running to political offices

Names of the working group committee



         NAME                                           EMAIL ADDRESS                                          ORGANIZATION

Yaovi Bouka Yaovi.              Force Leadership Africain (FLA)

Fanta Ongoiba                                                 APAA

Augustus Reeves                               Liberian Association of Ottawa

Jackline Ochieng               SUCCESS Employment Services

Felicia Yeboah                                African Dias. Asso. of the  Maritimes

Afiba Aku                                                    Unveiling African Foundation (UVA)

Believe dhliwayo                            APAA

Armel Mesmin                            AJOA – WAYA


Oscar Boloko                           ADAC

Irene Mambo                                     ADAC

Kalifa Goita                                        Regroupement des Maliens de la Région de la Capitale nationale Inc

Key Working Points:

• SKILLS Database

• Resource Mobilization

• Partnerships between organizations such as FLA 

• Office location for ADAC